四级答案真题 2020年9月英语四级考试真题及答案参考

闽南网综合   2020-09-18 17:40
英语四级考试真题及参考答案一览

  2020年9月英语四六级考试将在9月19日举行,各位考生想必已经准备好了。虽然英语四六级已经不再是很多学校毕业的要求,但是四六级成绩在工作中还是会有用到的时候,所以考生一定要加油通过啊。

  英语四级考试时间为:09:00-11:20,8点半以后就可陆续进场了,每年考试成绩将在考后两个月左右公布,考生不要太着急。小编也将为大家准备四级考试答案,希望能帮到考生估分。

  一、听力

  本次听力考试文章来源于LIVESCIENCE,Gastro Obscura,TMJ4,CBSN Boston等国外期刊杂志或网站。主题包括环境污染、公共安全、交通事件、电子支付、售后服务、生活智慧、社区关怀与手机危害。

  本次听力音频男子为英式发音,女子为美式发音,语速正常。新闻与长对话难度偏小,短文难度适中。出现了少量较难听懂的专有名词如Warsaw(华沙,波兰首都),"KonMari" method(KonMari方案),Arlington table(艾灵顿桌子),Milano chairs(米兰诺椅子);以及少量难度词汇orbiting(绕轨道运行),rapidly-hardening(快速硬化的),pressurized water(增压水流),disruptive(破坏性的)等

  听力答案:

  1.A) Ship traffic in the Atlantic

  2.D) They may be affecting the world’s climate.

  3.C) To call for a permanent security guard.

  4.A) It had already taken strong action.

  5.B) The road was blocked.

  6.D) A track hit a barrier and overturned.

  7.B) It was a hard task to removing the spilled substance.

  8.A) She wanted to save for a new phone.

  9.D) They are less aware of the value of their money.

  10.B) More non-essential things.

  11.C) It may lead to excessive spending.

  12.C) He had a problem with the furniture delivered.

  13.B) Describe the furniture he received.

  14.A) Correct their mistake.

  15. C) She apologized to the man once more.

  16. B) Tidying up one's home.

  17. A) Things that make one happy.

  18. C) It received an incredibly large number of donated books.

  19. A) Give free meals to the homeless.

  20. D) Follow his example.

  21. C) Sending him had-made bags.

  22. A) To solve word search puzzles.

  23. B) They could no longer concentrate on their task.

  24. C) A reduction in the amount of sleep.

  25. C) Realize the disruptive effects of technology.

  主要出题点如下:

  1. 文章开头。例如,News Report 3中Question 5:What did drivers on the motorway to Warsaw find? (高速公路上的四级发现了什么?)的答案对应了文章开头一句话:Drivers on their way to the Polish capital of Warsaw on Wednesday morning found the road blocked by an unusual obstacle – tons of liquid chocolate that spilled onto the motorway(周日上午开往波兰首都华沙的司机们发现公路被一种不寻常的障碍物阻塞了——几吨洒落在高速公路上的液体巧克力。);再如,Passage 2中Question 16:What is Maire Kondo’s TV show about?(Maire Kondo的电视节目是关于什么的?)对应了文章开头第二句:Say hello to a TV show called “Tidying Up with Maire Kondo”, a home improvement show based on …(来看一个叫做“和Maire Kondo一起整理”的电视节目吧,这是个基于……的改善家庭环境的节目。) 又如,Passage 3的Question 22:What were the college students in both groups required to do in the study? (两组大学生都被要求在研究中做什么事情呢?)对应了文章开头第一句:… two groups of college students were given word-search puzzles.(两组大学生都拿到了查找词语的测试题来做。)

  2. 文章结尾。例如:News Report 1中Question 2:What do NASA officials think about the thick clouds?(美国航空航天局的官员是怎么认为这些厚厚的云层的呢?)对应了文章结尾倒数第二句:It’s likely that these sorts of clouds are having some effect on the global climate, according to NASA officials.(美国航空航天局的官员认为,这种云层很有可能对全球变暖有某种影响。)再如,Conversation 2的Question 15:What did the woman do at the end of the conversation?(对话结束的时候,这个女人做了什么?)就直接对应了对话的最后一句Once again,I’m sorry for the confusion and trouble caused.(对于我们的失误和由此带来的麻烦,我再次感到抱歉。)

  3. 提示词。例如,Passage 3中,最高级表达词组the most dramatic impact(最引人注目的影响),所在的句子是Question 24:According to the passage, what is the most dramatic impact of smart phone use?(根据文章,智能手机的使用造成的最引人注目的影响是什么?)的答案句。

  主要考点包括:

  1. 主旨大意把握。例如,News Report 3的Question 6:What does the report say about the accident?(关于这次事故,这篇报道说了什么?)。

  2. 细节定位。比如,Conversation 1后Q10: what might the man tend to buy with payment apps?(这个男人使用支付软件很容易买什么样的东西?);又如,passage 2后Question 18:What do we learn about one used bookstore this January?(今年一月,一个二手书店发生了什么?);

  3. 考察原因。例如,News Report 1的question 1:What has caused the thick clouds in the photos taken by a NASA satellite?(什么导致了NASA一个人造卫星拍下来的照片里显示的厚厚的云层?);再比如,Conversation 1之后Q8: Why did the woman decide to go back to cash for payment?(为什么这个女人决定用回现金支付?);再如,Conversation2后面的Question 12:Why did the man call the woman? (这个男人为什么给这个女人打电话?)

  4. 考察目的。比如,News report 2后面的Question 3:For what purpose, did the staff at the supermarket in Melbourne sign a letter?(出于什么目的,这家墨尔本超市的员工在这封信上签名了?)

  二、选词填空+仔细阅读

  选词填空第一套:

  26: H.integrate

  27: B.coincidence

  28: A.associated

  29: L.recognizable

  30: I.maximizes

  31: N;stressful

  32: K.principal

  33: J.natural

  34: M.simply

  35: symbolizes信息匹配卷一 Doctor' s orders:Let children just play

  36.H段落第一句Another playtime thief:

  37.E段落第一句The trends have been a long time coming.

  38.L段落第一句Play may not be a hard sell to kids.

  39.G段落第一句Pediatricians aren't the only ones who have noticed.

  40.D段落第一句Play is not silly behavior

  41.I 段落第一句 I respect that parents have busy lives and it's easy to hand a child an iPhone, ”

  42.C段落第一句The advice,issued Monday by the Ameri- can Academy of Pediatrics,

  43.K段落第一句Yogman also worries about the pressures that squeeze playtime for more affluent kids.

  44.F段落第一句By 2009,

  45.B段落第一句“This may seem old-fashioned,but there are skills to be leaned when kids aren’t told what to do,

  【仔细阅读第一套】:

  46-50 (diets)

  46: D Attempting to meet society' s expectation of appear- ance

  47: B They have to do with people' s body weight and shape.

  48: C Whether self-perceptionof body image impacts one' s workplace success.

  49: B People are not adversely affected in the workplace by false self-perception of body weight.

  50:A Banning discrimination on the bass of employee' body image.

  51-55 (work-life balance)

  51.D The concept of work-life balance contributes little to a fulfilling life.

  52.A It impacts how we think and behave.

  53:C We do meaningful work the contributions to society.

  54: B It is dynamic

  55:D Strive for a more fulfilling life.

  选词填空卷二

  26: l normal

  27:E definitely

  28: D considerable

  29: J possibly

  30:B argued

  31: K proposition

  32:N tend

  33: C avoid

  34: F extreme

  35:G inaction

  Why are Asian Americans Missing from Our Textbooks?

  36. E. 段落第一句: For decades, activists have called for schools to offer anti-racism or multicultural curricula.

  37.B 段落第一句: My excitement was short-lived.

  38.J段落第-句: Some teachers are finding ways to expose students to Asian-American issues

  39.F 6段落第一句: Research into what students learn in school has found just how much

  40.H段落第一句: Teachers with a multicultural background or

  41.D段落第一句: Our students-- Asian,

  42.K段落第一句: And,despite setbacks,

  42.G段落第一句: Worse,when Asian Americans do.

  44.C段落第一 -句: | finally had the opportunity to learn about.

  45.I段落第 一句: How race and ethnicity is taught is crucial

  【仔细阅读第二套】:

  46-50(paint)

  46. A IT uses paint to create anti-pollution images

  47. C raise public awareness of environmental pollution

  48. B He chose tunnels to do his graffiti art

  49. A It is simply absurd

  50. D They made it impossible for him to practice his art

  51-55(housework)

  51. C It may not turn out to be the best thing to do

  52. A Share family responsibilities

  53. B To teach then how to manage money

  54. A They have natural instinct to help around the house

  55. D Accept children’s early birds to help

  三、翻译

  题目解析

  本次考试未见过多考点,甚至一直以来在四级翻译中颇受偏爱的被动语态都没有考到;此外提倡考生适当使用定语从句,以免“言多必失”;此外,非谓语动词作修饰是一个不错的选择。

  翻译第一套

  茅台(Moutai)是中国最有名的白酒,在新中国成立前夕,被选为国宴用酒。据说赤水沿岸的村民四千年前就开始酿造茅台。在西汉时期,那里的人们生产出了高质量的茅台,并把它贡给皇帝。自唐朝开始,这种地方酒通过海上丝绸之路运往海外。

  茅台味道柔和,有一种特殊的香味;适量饮用可以帮助缓解疲劳,有镇静作用,因而广受国内外消费者的喜爱。

  Moutai is China' s most famous liquor which was selected as the drink for national banquets right before the founding of the People' s Republic of China.

  It is said that the villagers along the Shishui River started to make Moutai 4,000 years ago. In the West Han Dynasty, the people produced Moutai liquor of superior quality, which was paid as the tribute to the emperor. Since the Tang Dy- nasty, this local beverage has been shipped overseas by the marine silk road.

  Moutai features mild flavour and unique fragrance, and helps relieve fatigue and achieve tranquility if taken properly, thus winning great popularity among domestic and foreign consumers.

  翻译第三套:

  你如果到北京旅游,必须做两件事:一件是登长城,另一件是吃北京烤鸭。闻名遐迩的北京烤鸭曾仅限于宫廷,而现在北京数百家餐厅均有供应。

  北京烤鸭源于600年前的明代。来自全国各地的厨师被挑选出来到京城为皇帝做饭。人们认为在皇宫做饭是一种莫大的荣誉,只有厨艺出众者才能获得这份工作。事实上,正是这些宫廷厨师使北京烤鸭的烹饪艺术日臻完善。

  If you travel in Beijing, you must do two things: climbing the Great Wall and tasting Beijing roast duck. The well-known Beijing roast duck used to be available only in the imperial court, but now is supplied in hundreds of restaurants in the city.

  Beijjing roast duck originated in the Ming Dynasty 600 years ago, when chefs from all parts of the country were selected to cook for the emperor in the capital.

  People believed that it’s a great honour to cook in the palace for only those with outstanding cooking skills could be offered the job. In fact, it' s these royal chefs who have gradually perfected the cooking of Beijing roast duck.

  翻译第二套:

  茶拥有5000年的历史。传说,神农氏( Shen Nong)喝开水时,几片野树叶子落进壶里开水顿时散发出宜人的香味。他喝了几口,觉得很提神。茶就这样发现了。

  自此,茶在中国开始流行。茶园遍布全国,茶商变得富有。昂贵、雅致的茶具成了地位的象征。

  今天,茶不仅是一种健康的饮品,而且是中国文化的一个组成部分。越来越多的国际游客一边品茶, 一边了解中国文化。

  Tea has a history of 5,000 years. One legend goes that when Shen Nong was about to drink some boiled water, a few wild tree leaves fell into the kettle and gave off sweet fragrance.

  He drank a little and found it very refreshing, which led to the discovery of tea.

  Since then, tea became popular in China. Tea gardens appeared everywhere, tea merchants became rich, and expensive and graceful tea set even became a symbol of social status.

  Today, tea is not only a healthy drink but also part of the Chinese culture. More and more international tourists begin to understand the Chinese culture as they drink tea.

  四、作文

  (第1套)

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on online dictionaries. You can start your essay with the sentence "Online dictionaries are becoming increasingly popular. " You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  题目解析

  今天对此次英语四级考试题目中的作文进行一个深度了解。

  本次英语四级作文话题是在线词典,不难看出此次题目所考察的话题是很贴合时事的——互联网应用,当然从题目本身也可知此次作文主要考查学生的立意和论述角度与立场。话不多说,我们来看看拿到真题之后给出的范文,以供参考。

  范文:

  The increasing popularity of using online dictionaries has aroused a heated discussion as to its benefits and drawbacks. Views on the topic vary greatly among people from different walks of life. Some believe that it is convenient for looking up new words but others believe that it does more harm than good.

  On the one hand, an online dictionary is lighter than a traditional dictionary and it saves time. Instead of carrying a thick dictionary around, all you need to do is download an online dictionary on your phone. And a tap on the screen will rescue you from awkwardness when coming across a new word. On the other hand, using online dictionaries too much may hinder language learning, especially for students. Looking up words in a traditional dictionary takes time, but it can enhance your memory of the words at the same time. If students rely too much on online dictionaries, they would probably stop learning new words.From my perspective, it is crucial that companies should update their apps regularly and improve the overall quality. Also, it is high time that people realized that online dictionaries are not only for looking up new words, but for vocabulary learning as well. Only by doing so can people truly enjoy the benefits brought by online dictionaries.

  (第2套)

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on Online libraries. You can start your essay with the sentence "Online libraries are becoming increasingly popular. " You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  题目解析

  本次英语四级作文话题二是在线图书馆,同样也是互联网应用。我们来看看范文,以供参考。

  范文:

  As the mobile devices get developed gradually, more and more people regard online libraries as their first option. However, people hold different views on the e-libraries. Some believe it is quite convenient for us to read online while others oppose it, for they think it can never be as good as brick and mortar libraries.

  In terms of the advantages of online library, it is more accessible than the real libraries. Simply take out your mobile devices, and sign in the library, you can borrow the book you want to read. It saves you the trouble of transporting yourself to the library, and lifts you from the toil of carrying the heavy paper books. Besides, you can get notices from the e-libraries which remind you of the expiration date so you will never forget to return it.

  However, online libraries do have some demerits. For instance, you always need a wi-fi connection to activate it. If you are in some place where wi-fi is not available, online libraries will no longer work. But a paper book will never fail you. Besides, reading online means you are more easily to be distracted, while it is the physical libraries that provide you a tranquil environment for you to focus on your reading.

  In a nutshell, online libraries are designed to make reading more convenient. But sometimes readers cannot make the best of it. Therefore, it is we readers ourselves who should take the advantage of the online libraries and make it a helper for our life.

  (第3套)

  Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the use of PowerPoint(PPT) in class. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

  题目解析

  这题比较新颖。我们直接来看看范文吧。

  范文

  The use of PowerPoint has gained popularity in class nowadays. More and more teachers are using PowerPoint in their classes, no matter in primary schools, high schools or universities. Some students love it, some don’t. Indeed, not all teachers, students even parents hold the same opinion, as they focus on the different perspectives of the PPT.

  For people who love it, they believe PPT serves as a useful tool in class. PPT can present knowledge in a clarified way and students no longer need to recognize the handwriting of their teachers as some teachers do have terrible handwriting. And for teachers, PPT also rescues them from writing on the blackboard, which is sometimes a heavy work. Besides, PPT can be saved and copied for students to review after class.

  But for people who prefer the traditional class, they think PPT can never replace the blackboard. As when having class with PPT, students have less time taking notes. Meanwhile, some teachers say preparing PPT is very time-consuming and not efficient at all. Some parents, especially parents of primary students, are strongly against PPT for they regard PPT as a digital product that damages the eyesight of their kids.

  To sum up, PPT does have strengths and weaknesses. But I believe it brings so much convenience for us that we can ignore the few weakness it has. And when using it, we can still take the blackboard as an aid so as to present the class in the best way.

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